This fact sheet focuses on nationwide, sport-specific resources that provide an overview of the adapted version of a particular sport; there may be leagues or teams located closer to your area not listed below. Some Web sites include a team or league locator to help you find a team near your location. Other Web sites have information and trainings for local schools and recreational centers that discuss how to set up adaptive sports programs. Perhaps you can be an agent of change for your community by working with a local community center to develop an adaptive league in your area.
Nationwide Adaptive Sports Resources
Adaptive Adventures provides progressive outdoor sports opportunities to improve quality of life for children, adults and veterans with physical disabilities and their families.
Adaptive Sports Association
Located in Colorado and hosting both summer and winter programs, the Adaptive Sports Association offers programs to individuals with cognitive and physical disabilities.
Adaptive Sports Center
Located in Colorado, the Adaptive Sports Center provides programs and education on participating in outdoor sports for people with various physical disabilities. Programs for both summer and winter sports are available and are taught by professionally certified instructors, many of whom have backgrounds in therapeutic recreation services.
Adaptive Sports USA
Adaptive Sports USA provides information on adaptive sports programs, with specific focus on the sports of archery, power lifting, swimming, shooting and track and field.
Adventures Without Limits
This group facilitates inclusive, outdoor adventures for people of all ages and ability levels. Activities include kayaking, rafting, rock climbing and more.
American Association of Adapted Sports Programs (AAASP)
The AAASP provides education, assistance and information to schools and community programs on integration and development of adapted sports programs in schools. This group provides trainings to coaches and officials, and their Web site links to rulebooks specific to adapted sports competition (e.g. wheelchair basketball, wheelchair football) and outlines the rights of students to have access to an adapted sports program.
American Collegiate Society for Adapted Athletics
The organization exists to further competitive athletic opportunities for disabled students at the college level through tournament style competitions.
American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) – Move Forward
The APTA outlines various programs, organizations and other resources related to adaptive sports programs.
Challenged Athletes Foundation (CAF)
The CAF provides information on various adaptive sports competitions held around the country, including marathons and 5Ks, cycling races and IRONMAN events. Individuals can also apply for grants to help fund purchase of adaptive equipment, educational clinics and mentorship programs.
Crossroads Alliance is a nonprofit group focused on maximizing inclusion in training and competition among all sports. They provide tips, best practices and understanding of the needs of adaptive athletes and highlight gyms, nonprofits and businesses who have committed to inclusion and support of adaptive athletes. Information regarding their seminar series aimed at educating coaches on inclusionary practices for adaptive athletes is also available on their Web site.
Disabled Sports USA
Since 1967, Disabled Sports USA has focused on one goal: to improve the lives of wounded warriors, youths and adults with disabilities by providing sports and recreation opportunities. Disabilities include those with visual impairments, amputations, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, head injury, cerebral palsy, other neuromuscular/orthopedic conditions, autism and related intellectual disabilities. This web site also provides information on various adaptive sports programs.
Ignite Adaptive Sports – Boulder, Colorado
Ignite Adaptive Sports provides safe, fun and affordable instruction in alpine and cross-country skiing, snowboarding and snowshoeing to people with any disability to enhance their quality of life.
National Ability Center (NAC)
The National Ability Center is a nonprofit organization which offers both seasonally and year-round inclusive programs such as skiing, snowboarding, horseback riding, rock climbing and swimming, among others. Camps and programs are held onsite and near the NAC’s facility in Park City, UT.
National Center on Health Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD)
NCHPAD is a public health practice and resource center on health promotion for people with disabilities. NCHPAD seeks to help people with disabilities and other chronic health conditions achieve health benefits through increased participation in all types of physical and social activities. Their Web site includes general information on inclusive communities, featuring education, advocacy and resource directories.
National Sports Center for the Disabled (NSCD)
Based in Colorado, the NSCD specializes in teaching sports such as skiing, snowboarding, rafting, kayaking, snowshoeing, rock climbing and hiking. Limited scholarships for participation may be available.
Never Say Never Foundation
The mission of the Never Say Never Foundation is to sponsor athletes with disabilities in a multitude of sports, including extreme sports, and to seek funding to allow youths and young adults with disabilities to attend camps, sporting events, and get the prostheses or other tools they need to thrive.
NubAbility Athletics is a nonprofit organization that offers sport camps and clinics for kids across the nation. Additionally, one-on-one coaching and mentoring is provided in 26 sports.
PLAY is a grant program that provides scholarship awards for 10 qualified applicants annually to help with the financial costs of the applicant’s chosen activity. PLAY’s mission is to help individuals lead a positive and active lifestyle in the areas of sports, education and the arts.
This is the official Web site for the USA Paralympic team. It also includes a Paralympics club locator for various sports (teamusa.org/US-Paralympics/find-a-club). Sports available for individuals with limb loss/limb difference include: archery, basketball, cycling, equestrian, fencing, rowing, shooting, swimming, tennis, track & field, volleyball, skiing, biathlon, sled hockey and many others.
Wheelchair Sports Federation
Wheelchair Sports Federation is a national nonprofit that provides opportunities for youths and adults with disabilities and wheelchair users to play sports recreationally and competitively.
World T.E.A.M Sports
This nonprofit organization organizes athletic events for people with or without disabilities including mountain climbing, whitewater rafting, bicycling and more in an effort to build an individual’s self-confidence and enhance physical fitness.
United Foundation for Disabled Archers (UFFDA)
The UFFDA hosts annual hunts in Northern Minnesota and Central Wisconsin for its disabled members. Participants are selected each year via a drawing and assigned to a personal guide, who works with them before the event to prepare for each individual’s specific circumstances and personal needs. Membership to the UFFDA may be required for inclusion in the drawing for the guided hunt.
Freedom’s Wings International (FWI): Soaring for People with Disabilities
FWI provides the opportunity for people with disabilities to fly in specially adapted sailplanes, either as a passenger or as a member of the flight training program.
International Wheelchair Aviators
A worldwide organization of pilots with and without disabilities.
This organization offers sky sailing lessons to individuals requiring hand controls rather than traditional foot controls. The president of Sky Sailing, Inc. is an incomplete paraplegic and has worked with many students over the years who need specialized flight training and controls.
International Wheelchair Basketball Association
The official Web site for wheelchair basketball including information on the Wheelchair Paralympic Team.
National Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA)
The NWBA provides information on forming or joining a wheelchair basketball team. Includes how to register a team, find other teams and specifics on team requirements. The Web site also includes a team locator tool to assist in finding Junior, Division I, Division III, Intercollegiate and National Teams.
National Wheelchair Pool Players Association (NWPA)
This Web site provides information on wheelchair billiards events and tournaments located around the country.
American Wheelchair Bowling Association
This Web site provides information on events, tournaments, FAQs for wheelchair bowling and information on equipment.
American Canoeing Association – Adaptive Paddling Curriculum
This Web site includes a list of adaptive paddling courses, a list of adaptive paddling endorsed instructors and general information regarding the sport of adaptive paddling.
Hand Cycle Racing
Hand Crank Racing Association
American Hippotherapy Association
Locate physical therapists and occupational therapists across the country who work with horses as part of their therapy.
PATH International (Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship)
Search for PATH centers and certified equine therapy instructors across the country. These programs are specifically designed for individuals with physical, cognitive and emotional challenges.
Saddle Modifications for Para Equestrians (article)
United States Equestrian Federation – Para-Equestrian
This site provides information on the sport of Para-Equestrian, including rules, competitions and various disciplines.
United States Para-Equestrian Association
The official Web site for the United States Para-Equestrian Team.
U.S. Fencing Association
Paralympic Wheelchair Fencing
American Disabled Golfers Association
The American Disabled Golfers Association helps create handicapped accessibility to golf courses for golfers with disabilities.
National Alliance for Accessible Golf
This group offers golf program grants for individuals with disabilities. Their Web site also provides information on locating adaptive golf programs in your area.
National Amputee Golf Association (NAGA)
This site includes information on tournaments, membership and golf clinics specifically geared toward people with limb loss. The NAGA also publishes the Amputee Golfer Magazine.
U.S. Adaptive Golf Alliance (USAGA)
The USAGA is a national coalition of leading adaptive golf organizations working together to grow the game of golf for the special needs community. They offer access, instruction and competition at all levels. Check their Web site for a list of scheduled tournaments or to subscribe to their e-newsletter.
U.S. Disabled Golf Association
Sponsors and coordinates events and golf tournaments for individuals with physical, sensory and intellectual disabilities.
Power Wheelchair Hockey leagues are based on basic hockey rules with a few adaptations allowing those in power wheelchairs the ability to play hockey.
Adaptive Hockey – USA Hockey
This Web site provides information on various types of adaptive hockey, including sled hockey, standing/amputee hockey, and warrior hockey.
Buckmasters Disabled Hunters
Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc – For Anglers with Disabilities
Outdoor Buddies is an all-volunteer nonprofit organization that pairs able-bodied volunteers with people with disabilities to help them enjoy Colorado’s natural resources. This group facilitates hunts and special events and offers a variety of outdoor programs.
Physically Challenged Bowhunters of America (PCBA) – Facebook
United Foundation for Disabled Archers (UFFDA)
Wheelin’ Sportsmen Program
Criptaedo: Adaptive Martial Arts for People in Wheelchairs (article)
Martial Arts Therapy: Helping Children Take an Active Role in Their Own Healing (article)
U.S. Rowing Association – Para-Rowing
This Web site features information on the U.S. Para-Rowing Olympic and national teams.
United States Quad Rugby Association (USQRA)
The USQRA provides opportunity, support and structure for competitive wheelchair rugby to individuals with disabilities. Locate various quad rugby teams across the country and learn about the sport of wheelchair rugby.
Amputee Blade Runners
This group provides financial assistance for obtaining a running leg for amputees interested in pursuing the sport of running. Complete the application on the Web site to apply. Additionally, you can find information on running events in your area.
Challenged Athletes Foundation
See program overview on page one.
Heather Abbott Foundation
The Heather Abbott Foundation helps provide customized prostheses to people who have suffered limb loss through traumatic circumstances. You can find grant applications through the “Get Involved” tab on the Web site.
This Web site provides information and resources for individuals interested in learning to run following an amputation. Learn the basics of running, types of prostheses needed and the professionals you need to work with if you are interested in running. As always, the Amputee Coalition recommends that you consult with your prosthetist and medical team prior to beginning any new exercise programs or activities.
Sail To Prevail – The National Disabled Sailing Program
Sail To Prevail creates opportunities for children and adults with disabilities to overcome adversity through therapeutic sailing. This group offers specialized sailing day trips, as well as instructor training and a yearly camp.
Sailing Web: Options for Sailors with Disabilities
This site provides information on sailing clubs and accessible sailboats.
Handicapped Scuba Association
This Web site contains information on scuba diving, connecting with a specialized Handicapped Scuba Association Dive Master and various adaptive scuba programs around the country.
International Association for Handicapped Divers
Search for information on instructors and dive courses for individuals with disabilities.
USA Amputee Soccer Team
Find registered adaptive tennis programs around the country. Learn about adaptive tennis programs and events. Adult adaptive tennis locator: usta.com/Adult-Tennis/Adaptive-Tennis/Information/usta_adaptive_tennis_registered_programs
It is not the intention of the Amputee Coalition to provide specific medical or legal advice but rather to provide consumers with information to better understand their health and healthcare issues. The Amputee Coalition does not endorse any specific treatment, technology, company, service or device. Consumers are urged to consult with their healthcare providers for specific medical advice or before making any purchasing decisions involving their care.
National Limb Loss Resource Center, a program of the Amputee Coalition, located at 900 East Hill Ave., Suite 390, Knoxville, TN 37915 | 888/267-5669
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